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2005 Earth Science Enterprise Applications Roadmaps

Agricultural Efficiency - The agricultural efficiency national application draws upon NASA Earth science observations and predictive models to improve decision-making capabilities concerning agricultural resource management. NASA observations and predictions are employed by NOAA and USDA to understand variability in weather and climate and use that understanding to improve predictions and the impact on resource management.

Air Quality Management - The Air Quality Management program element extends Earth science results, products derived from Earth science information, models, technology, and other capabilities into partners' decision support tools for tools for air quality management issues.

Aviation - The purpose of the Aviation program element is to extend Earth science satellite data and Earth System Science models to support the benchmarking of frequent, densely distributed observations needed to enable a National Airspace System (NAS) unfettered by capacity, security, environmental, or safety issues. Data from Earth science satellites such as QuikSCAT, Terra, Aqua, and TRMM are instrumental to this purpose. Data from future Earth Science research missions have the potential to add even more value.

Carbon Management - The Earth Science Enterprise participates in the Climate Change Science Program as part of ESE response to its mandate to improve predictions of climate and weather. The roadmap for carbon cycle science over the next 10 years is focused on reducing the uncertainly of carbon source and sinks through improved understanding of carbon processes and better observations and modeling capability to observe and predict those processes.

Coastal Management - The Coastal Management program element extends ESE research results, products derived from Earth science information, models, technology, and other capabilities into partners' decision support tools for coastal (including marine and ocean) management issues.

Disaster Management - The Disaster Management plan consists of partnerships in a variety of related hazards. These include earthquakes, volcanoes, flood, drought, severe weather, tropical weather, wildfires, and other atmospheric and solid Earth phenomena.

Ecological Forecasting - Ecological forecasting employs observation data and models to predict the impacts on ecosystems of environmental change. In doing so, it applies information from the physical, biological, and social sciences.

Energy Management - A major component of NASA's Earth Science Enterprise is dedicated to understanding the Earth's energy and hydrological cycles on a global scale using remote sensing and modeling. Better understanding of the role clouds and aerosols play in regulating climate will have profound implications for energy forecasting efforts.

Homeland Security - The Homeland Security Plan consists of partnerships in a variety of related fields. These include air plume modeling and prediction, border control monitoring of environmental change, weather monitoring and prediction of movement of biological contaminants.

Invasive Species - NASA is working with USGS is integrate NASA Earth science observations, modeling and system engineering capabilities into the Invasive Species Forecasting System (ISFS). Improvements in near term and long term climate predictions, using NASA observations and predictive models, will have a significant impact on invasive species.

Public Health - NASA collaborates with the professional community that is responsible for surveillance to understand and respond to factors in the environment that adversely impact the health of the American public through the PHASES Program. These factors include disease vectors, air and water contaminants, ambient temperature extremes, ultraviolet radiation and a myriad of other factors associated with public health problems. The foci of NASA partnerships with the public health practice community are their decision support systems known as epidemiologic surveillance systems in the areas of: infectious disease, environmental health, and bioterrorism.

Water Management - Improvements in water quality monitoring are needed and can benefit from NASA Earth science information. NASA spacecraft are helping to improve our understanding of evaporation over the Earth's surface, is refining our ability to track changes in surface soil moisture and to represent these processes in atmospheric models, and helping us to track water storage changes over the continents.